Monday, 27 August 2012

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for ADHD

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) at ADDvance Treatment Centres -- A specialized ADHD Treatment Centre in Toronto.

What is CBT?

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that is used to identify and understand problems in terms of the relationship between a person’s thoughts, emotions, physical sensations and behaviours.

What happens in CBT?

The aim is for the client to develop skills and strategies that can help to manage their difficulties, and to generate solutions to problems that are more helpful than their current way of coping. Learning these skills and strategies can continue to be used throughout the client’s life. This applies whether the client is an adult or child.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy techniques include learning to think differently, by examining thoughts and how they affect behaviour.
Specific techniques are reviewed and taught, to allow clients to develop and integrate skills the required to maintain an environment that allows them to function at their best. This includes:
  • Improving communication skills
  • Skills training in organization and planning
  • Setting goal-oriented priorities
  • Problem solving, and learning how to persevere in stressful situations
  • Managing distractibility
  • Managing anger and frustration
  • Overcoming procrastination

Thursday, 23 August 2012

Attention deficit disorder (ADD / ADHD) 101

By ADDvance Treatment Centres -- A specialized ADD/ADHD treatment centre and clinic in Toronto for adults, teens and children.

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What is Attention Deficit Disorder?
  • It is a neurobiological disorder
  • People with ADD have subtle differences in the structure of certain parts of the brain, namely, the cerebellum and the prefrontal cortex
  • Research also suggests that attention deficit disorder is caused by a lack of certain chemicals, such as dopamine and norepinephrine that assist with the flow of information through the neurons in the brain
  • It has been medically documented for more than two centuries
  • It has nothing to do with intelligence
  • It is a chronic condition
  • It can be mild or more severe
  • It presents in three different types, depending on the symptoms
  • It does not exhibit itself in the same way for everyone

Is it Hereditary?
  • Most of the time ADHD is a genetic condition that is inherited

How common is it?
  • 5%-12% of children
  • 2%-5% of adults

What are the symptoms?

There are three core symptoms:
  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity

Can it be treated, and, what treatment possibilities are available?
  • Attention deficit can be treated
  • The best way to treat attention deficit is a multi-model approach using a combination of different types of treatment, which could include:
  • Education
  • Counselling
  • Coaching
  • Medication
  • Nutrition

Are medications appropriate treatment?
  • Medications have been around for over 50 years without any long term side effects
  • Not everyone with attention deficit disorder requires medication
  • Medication will not cure attention deficit order, but it has been shown to help with attention and decrease hyperactivity and impulsivity
  • Medication alone is less successful than using a combination of different types of treatment

Do medications have side effects?
  • All medications have side effects
  • Some side effects are short term and go away
  • Some may affect appetite
  • Some side effects affect some individuals but not others
  • Given the choices available, it is important to understand the side effects of the medication and to deal with your doctor to find the right medication, or combination of medications, and the right dose, to ensure the least amount of side effects

How long do they last?
  • Some medications last a short time, 3-4 hours
  • The newer medications last 8-12 hours

Are these medications addictive?
  • These medications are not addictive
  • In fact, medication can help to overcome impulsive behaviours that could lead to addiction

Do these medications have to be taken all the time, everyday?
  • Not all people with attention deficit disorder need to take their medication every day
  • This is something to discuss with your doctor

How important is Good Nutrition?
  • Eating properly, at the right time and the right foods, is an important part of ADD management